Genus Eretmapodites Theobald, 1901
Eretmapodites quinquevittatus Theobald, 1901.
Subfamily Culicinae, tribe Aedini. Eretmapodites includes 49 species, two of which include the nominotypical and another subspecies. No subgenera are recognized. Genus abbreviation – Er.
Eretmapodites are yellowish-brown mosquitoes with a very broad patch of large, flat, silver scales separating the eyes above the antennae. They possess postspiracular setae like other Aedini in the Afrotropical Region, but the paratergite is both very broad and bare. Larvae have four or fewer pecten spines and a ventral brush (seta 4-X) composed of four pairs of setae. Additionally, the antennae are short and cylindrical and the lateral setae of abdominal segments I–VI arise from large conical projections in many species. See Aedini.
Eretmapodites was recovered as the sister of Armigeres in the morphology-based phylogeny of Aedini generated by Reinert et al. (2009). It was recovered as the sister of Alanstonea, and this pair was sister to Armigeres, in the phylogeny of Wilkerson et al. (2015). Eretmapodites quinquevittatus, the only species of the genus included in the maximum likelihood phylogeny of Soghigian et al. (2017) based on seven molecular markers, was recovered as the sister of a clade comprised of five species of Armigeres.
Eretmapodites are forest mosquitoes, but some species have become adapted to life in banana plantations. Larvae are found in water contained in fallen leaves, fruit husks, leaf axils, snail shells, man-made containers, bamboo and rarely tree holes. The larvae of two species occur in water held in the concave upper surface of polyporaceous fungi. Larvae of most species are facultative predators. Females apparently bite during the daytime. They will attack humans but probably prefer other hosts.
Some arboviruses, including Rift Valley fever virus, have been isolated from a few species. Eretmapodites chrysogaster has been shown to be capable of transmitting yellow fever virus.
Species of Eretmapodites are confined to the Afrotropical Region.
Edwards, 1941 (adults); Hopkins, 1952 (larvae); Service, 1990 (adults and larvae); Reinert et al., 2004, 2009 (morphology, phylogeny); Wilkerson et al., 2015 (phylogeny); Soghigian et al., 2017 (phylogenetic relationships).
adami Ferrara & Eouzan, 1974 angolensis da Cunha Ramos & Ribeiro, 1992 argyrurus Edwards, 1936 brevis Edwards, 1941 brenguesi Rickenbach & Lombrici, 1975 brottesi Rickenbach, 1967 caillardi Rickenbach, Ferrara & Eouzan, 1968 chrysogaster Graham, 1909 corbeti Hamon, 1962 dracaenae Edwards, 1916 dundo da Cunha Ramos & Ribeiro, 1992 eouzani Rickenbach & Lombrici, 1974 ferrarai Rickenbach & Eouzan, 1970 forcipulatus Edwards, 1936 germaini Rickenbach & Eouzan, 1970 gilletti van Someren, 1949 grahami Edwards, 1911 grenieri Hamon & van Someren, 1961 haddowi van Someren, 1949 hamoni Grjebine, 1972 harperi van Someren, 1949 hightoni van Someren, 1947 inornatus Newstead, 1907 (in Newstead et al., 1907) intermedius Edwards, 1936 jani Rickenbach & Lombrici, 1975 lacani Rickenbach & Eouzan, 1970 leucopous Graham, 1909 mahaffyi van Someren, 1949 marcelleae Adam & Hamon, 1959 mattinglyi Hamon & van Someren, 1961 melanopous Graham, 1909 mortiauxi da Cunha Ramos & Ribeiro, 1990 oedipodeios Graham, 1909 parvipluma Edwards, 1941 pauliani Grjbine, 1950 penicillatus Edwards, 1941 plioleucus Edwards, 1941 productus Edwards, 1941 quinquevittatus Theobald, 1901 ravissei Rickenbach & Eouzan, 1970 rickenbachi Ferrara & Eouzan, 1974 salauni Rickenbach, Ferrara & Eouzan, 1968 semisimplicipes Edwards, 1914 silvestris Ingram & de Meillon, 1927 subspecies conchobius Edwards, 1941 subspecies silvestris Ingram & de Meillon, 1927 subsimplicipes Edwards, 1914 tendeiroi da Cunha Ramos, Bibeiro & de Barros Machado, 1992 tonsus Edwards, 1914 vansomereni Hamon, 1962 wansoni Edwards, 1941 subspecies douceti Adam & Hamon, 1959 subspecies wansoni Edwards, 1941